2 NH3 + 2 Na → H2 + 2 NaNH2
This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:
2 Na0 - 2 e- → 2 NaI (oxidation)
2 HI + 2 e- → 2 H0 (reduction)
Na is a reducing agent, NH3 is an oxidizing agent.
- Names: Ammonia , Azane (only intended for use in naming derivatives of ammonia) , Hydrogen nitride
- Appearance: Colourless gas ; Colourless gas or compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour ; Colorless gas with a pungent, suffocating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. Easily liquefied under pressure.]