4 HCl (aq) + NaNO3 (aq) + Au (s) 2 H2O (l) + NaCl (aq) + NO (g) + AuCl3 (aq)

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

Au0 - 3 e- AuIII (oxidation)

NV + 3 e- NII (reduction)

Au is a reducing agent, NaNO3 is an oxidizing agent.

Reactants:

  • HClChlorane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Hydrochloric acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Hydrochloric acid gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, HCl source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless to slightly yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • NaNO3Sodium nitrate source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
    • Other names: Peru saltpeter source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Soda niter source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Cubic niter source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White powder or colorless crystals source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless hygroscopic crystals source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
  • Au
    • Names: Gold source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Au source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Element 79 source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Aurum source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07

Products:

  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
  • NaClSodium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Table salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Common salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless cubic crystals source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
  • NONitrogen monoxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Oxidonitrogen(•) (additive) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Nitric oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Nitrogen(II) oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Nitric oxide (radical) source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colourless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed gas source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless gas. [Note: Shipped as a nonliquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • AuCl3Gold(III) trichloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Gold(III) chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Auric chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Gold trichloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Red crystals (anhydrous); golden, yellow crystals (monohydrate) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27