6 HCl (aq) + 5 KI (aq) + KIO3 (aq) 3 H2O (l) + 3 I2 (s) + 6 KCl (aq)

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

5 I-I - 5 e- 5 I0 (oxidation)

IV + 5 e- I0 (reduction)

KI is a reducing agent, KIO3 is an oxidizing agent (synproportionation (comproportionation)).

This is a precipitation reaction: I2 is the formed precipitate.

Reactants:

  • HClChlorane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Hydrochloric acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Hydrochloric acid gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, HCl source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless to slightly yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • KI
    • Names: Potassium iodide source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, KI source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Thyrosafe source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • KIO3Potassium iodate source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Iodic acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Potassium salt source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, KIO3 source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White crystalline powder source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27

Products:

  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
  • I2
    • Names: Iodine source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Jod source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Iode source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
    • Appearance: Bluish black or dark purple crystals with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Violet solid with a sharp, characteristic odor. source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • KCl
    • Names: Potassium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Sylvite source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Muriate of potash source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless hygroscopic crystals source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04