4 Na + SiCl4 4 NaCl + Si

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

4 Na0 - 4 e- 4 NaI (oxidation)

SiIV + 4 e- Si0 (reduction)

Na is a reducing agent, SiCl4 is an oxidizing agent.

Reactants:

  • Na
    • Names: Sodium source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Na source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Element 11 source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Natrium source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
    • Appearance: Silvery solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
  • SiCl4Silicon (IV) chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Silicon tetrachloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Tetrachlorosilane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Silicon chloride source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
    • Appearance: Colourless liquid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless clear fuming liquid with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04

Products:

  • NaClSodium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Table salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Common salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless cubic crystals source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
  • Si
    • Names: Silicon source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Si source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Element 14 source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07
    • Appearance: Steel-grey crystals or black-to-brown amorphous powder source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Black to gray, lustrous, needle-like crystals. [Note: The amorphous form is a dark-brown powder.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02