NH4Cl (aq) + NaNO2 (aq) 2 H2O (l) + NaCl (aq) + N2 (g)

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

N-III - 3 e- N0 (oxidation)

NIII + 3 e- N0 (reduction)

NH4Cl is a reducing agent, NaNO2 is an oxidizing agent (synproportionation (comproportionation)).

This is a gas evolution reaction, N2 is the formed gas.

Reactants:

  • NH4ClAmmonium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Sal ammoniac source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Salmiac source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Nushadir salt source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White solid, hygroscopic source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Odourless colourless-to-white hygroscopic solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Finely divided, odorless, white particulate dispersed in air. source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • NaNO2
    • Names: Sodium nitrite source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, 7632-00-0 source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, E250 source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White or slightly yellowish solid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Hygroscopic white-to-yellow solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04

Products:

  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
  • NaClSodium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Table salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Common salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless cubic crystals source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
  • N2
    • Names: Dinitrogen source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Nitrogen (compressed gas) source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Nitrogen (liquified) source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
    • Appearance: Odourless colourless compressed gas source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Odourless colourless extremely cold liquid source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04