8 NH3 (g) + 3 Cl2 (g) → 6 NH4Cl (s) + N2 (g)
This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:
6 Cl0 + 6 e- → 6 Cl-I (reduction)
2 N-III - 6 e- → 2 N0 (oxidation)
Cl2 is an oxidizing agent, NH3 is a reducing agent.
- Names: Ammonia , Azane (only intended for use in naming derivatives of ammonia) , Hydrogen nitride
- Appearance: Colourless gas ; Colourless gas or compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour ; Colorless gas with a pungent, suffocating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. Easily liquefied under pressure.]
- NH4Cl – Ammonium chloride