2 HCl + Mg H2 + MgCl2

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

2 HI + 2 e- 2 H0 (reduction)

Mg0 - 2 e- MgII (oxidation)

HCl is an oxidizing agent, Mg is a reducing agent.

Reactants:

  • HClChlorane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Hydrochloric acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Hydrochloric acid gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, HCl source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless to slightly yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • Mg
    • Names: Magnesium source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Magnesium (powder) source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Magnesium (pellets) source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
    • Appearance: Grey powder source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Silvery-white metallic solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04

Products:

  • H2
    • Names: Dihydrogen source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Hydrogen source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, H2 source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07
    • Appearance: Odourless colourless compressed gas source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
  • MgCl2
    • Names: Magnesium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Magnesium dichloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Magnesium chloride anhydrous source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White or colourless crystalline solid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Deliquescent white solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04