16 HCl + 2 KMgO4 8 H2O + 5 Cl2 + 2 KCl + 2 MgCl2

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

10 Cl-I - 10 e- 10 Cl0 (oxidation)

8 O-3/4 + 10 e- 8 O-II (reduction)

HCl is a reducing agent, KMgO4 is an oxidizing agent.

Reactants:

  • HClChlorane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Hydrochloric acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Hydrochloric acid gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, HCl source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless to slightly yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • KMgO4

Products:

  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
  • Cl2
    • Names: Chlorine source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Molecular chlorine source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Greenish-yellow compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Greenish-yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • KCl
    • Names: Potassium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Sylvite source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Muriate of potash source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless hygroscopic crystals source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
  • MgCl2
    • Names: Magnesium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Magnesium dichloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Magnesium chloride anhydrous source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White or colourless crystalline solid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Deliquescent white solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04