3 HCl + HNO3 + 3 Au 2 H2O + NO + 3 AuCl

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

3 Au0 - 3 e- 3 AuI (oxidation)

NV + 3 e- NII (reduction)

Au is a reducing agent, HNO3 is an oxidizing agent.

Reactants:

  • HClChlorane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Hydrochloric acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Hydrochloric acid gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, HCl source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless to slightly yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • HNO3Nitric acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Aqua fortis source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Spirit of niter source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Eau forte source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Colorless, yellow or red fuming liquid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless-to-yellow liquid with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless, yellow, or red, fuming liquid with an acrid, suffocating odor. [Note: Often used in an aqueous solution. Fuming nitric acid is concentrated nitric acid that contains dissolved nitrogen dioxide.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • Au
    • Names: Gold source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Au source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Element 79 source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Aurum source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07

Products:

  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
  • NONitrogen monoxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Oxidonitrogen(•) (additive) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Nitric oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Nitrogen(II) oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Nitric oxide (radical) source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colourless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed gas source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless gas. [Note: Shipped as a nonliquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • AuCl
    • Names: Gold(I) chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Gold monochloride source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Gold chloride source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, AuCl source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Yellow solid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27