2 HCl (aq) + Fe (s) H2 (g) + FeCl2 (aq)

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

2 HI + 2 e- 2 H0 (reduction)

Fe0 - 2 e- FeII (oxidation)

HCl is an oxidizing agent, Fe is a reducing agent.

Reactants:

  • HClChlorane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Hydrochloric acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Hydrochloric acid gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, HCl source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless to slightly yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • Fe
    • Names: Iron source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Fe source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Element 26 source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07

Products:

  • H2
    • Names: Dihydrogen source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Hydrogen source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, H2 source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07
    • Appearance: Odourless colourless compressed gas source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
  • FeCl2Iron(II) chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Iron dichloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
    • Other names: Ferrous chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Rokühnite source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, [FeCl3] source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, FeCl3 source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Tan solid (anhydrous) | Pale green solid (di-tetrahydrate) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; White-to-light-green hygroscopic crystals source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04