5 H2O + 5 NaOH + 2 Al + NaNO2 → NH3 + 2 Na3(Al(OH)6)
This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:
2 Al0 - 6 e- → 2 AlIII (oxidation)
NIII + 6 e- → N-III (reduction)
Al is a reducing agent, NaNO2 is an oxidizing agent.
- H2O – Water, oxidane
- Names: Ammonia , Azane (only intended for use in naming derivatives of ammonia) , Hydrogen nitride
- Appearance: Colourless gas ; Colourless gas or compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour ; Colorless gas with a pungent, suffocating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. Easily liquefied under pressure.]