4 H2O (l) + H2S (g) + 4 Br2 (aq) H2SO4 (aq) + 8 HBr (aq)

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

8 Br0 + 8 e- 8 Br-I (reduction)

S-II - 8 e- SVI (oxidation)

Br2 is an oxidizing agent, H2S is a reducing agent.

Reactants:

  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
  • H2SHydrogen sulfide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Dihydrogen monosulfide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Dihydrogen sulfide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Sewer gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with characteristic odour of rotten eggs source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless gas with a strong odor of rotten eggs. [Note: Sense of smell becomes rapidly fatigued & can NOT be relied upon to warn of the continuous presence of H2S. Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • Br2
    • Names: Bromine source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Molecular bromine source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Fuming red-to-brown liquid with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Dark reddish-brown, fuming liquid with suffocating, irritating fumes. source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02

Products:

  • H2SO4Sulfuric acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Oil of vitriol source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Sulfuric acid, concentrated (> 51% and < 100%) source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, H2SO4 source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07
    • Appearance: Clear, colorless liquid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Odourless colourless oily hygroscopic liquid source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless to dark-brown, oily, odorless liquid. [Note: Pure compound is a solid below 51°F. Often used in an aqueous solution.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • HBrHydrogen bromide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Bromane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Hydrobromic acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Hydronium bromide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, HBr source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colorless/faint yellow liquid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless gas with a sharp, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. Often used in an aqueous solution.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02