3 H2 (g) + N2 (g) → 2 NH3 (g)
This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:
6 H0 - 6 e- → 6 HI (oxidation)
2 N0 + 6 e- → 2 N-III (reduction)
H2 is a reducing agent, N2 is an oxidizing agent.
- Names: Ammonia , Azane (only intended for use in naming derivatives of ammonia) , Hydrogen nitride
- Appearance: Colourless gas ; Colourless gas or compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour ; Colorless gas with a pungent, suffocating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. Easily liquefied under pressure.]