2 Cl2 + 10 NaOH + P2O3 5 H2O + 4 NaCl + 2 Na3PO4

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

2 PIII - 4 e- 2 PV (oxidation)

4 Cl0 + 4 e- 4 Cl-I (reduction)

P2O3 is a reducing agent, Cl2 is an oxidizing agent.

Reactants:

  • Cl2
    • Names: Chlorine source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Molecular chlorine source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Greenish-yellow compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Greenish-yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • NaOH
    • Names: Sodium hydroxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Caustic soda source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Lye source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White, waxy, opaque crystals source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; White hygroscopic solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless to white, odorless solid (flakes, beads, granular form). source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • P2O3
    • Names: Phosphorus trioxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Phosphorus(III) oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Phosphorus sesquioxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Colourless monoclinic crystals or liquid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27

Products:

  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
  • NaClSodium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Table salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Common salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless cubic crystals source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
  • Na3PO4Trisodium phosphate source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Sodium phosphate tribasic source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Trisodium phosphate (anhydrous) source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Tribasic sodium phosphate source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colourless-to-white hygroscopic crystals source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04