Cl2 (g) + 4 NaOH (aq) + MnCl2 (aq) 2 H2O (l) + 4 NaCl (aq) + MnO2 (s)

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

MnII - 2 e- MnIV (oxidation)

2 Cl0 + 2 e- 2 Cl-I (reduction)

MnCl2 is a reducing agent, Cl2 is an oxidizing agent.

Reactants:

  • Cl2
    • Names: Chlorine source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Molecular chlorine source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Greenish-yellow compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Greenish-yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • NaOH
    • Names: Sodium hydroxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Caustic soda source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Lye source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White, waxy, opaque crystals source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; White hygroscopic solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless to white, odorless solid (flakes, beads, granular form). source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • MnCl2Manganese(II) chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Manganese dichloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Manganous chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Manganous dichloride source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Manganese(II) chloride (1:2) source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Pink solid (tetrahydrate) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27

Products:

  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
  • NaClSodium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Table salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Common salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless cubic crystals source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
  • MnO2Manganese oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Manganese(IV) oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Manganese dioxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Pyrolusite source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hyperoxide of manganese source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Brown-black solid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Black-to-brown powder source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04