NH4Cl (aq) + NaOH (aq) NH3 (aq) + H2O (l) + NaCl (aq)

This is an acid-base reaction (neutralization): NH4Cl is an acid, NaOH is a base.

Reactants:

  • NH4ClAmmonium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Sal ammoniac source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Salmiac source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Nushadir salt source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White solid, hygroscopic source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Odourless colourless-to-white hygroscopic solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Finely divided, odorless, white particulate dispersed in air. source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • NaOH
    • Names: Sodium hydroxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Caustic soda source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Lye source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White, waxy, opaque crystals source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; White hygroscopic solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless to white, odorless solid (flakes, beads, granular form). source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02

Products:

  • NH3
    • Names: Ammonia source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Azane (only intended for use in naming derivatives of ammonia) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen nitride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Colourless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless gas or compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless gas with a pungent, suffocating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. Easily liquefied under pressure.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
  • NaClSodium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Table salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Common salt source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless cubic crystals source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27