NH3 (g) + HCl (g) NH4Cl (s)

This is an acid-base reaction (neutralization): NH3 is a base, HCl is an acid.

Reactants:

  • NH3
    • Names: Ammonia source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Azane (only intended for use in naming derivatives of ammonia) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen nitride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Colourless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless gas or compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless gas with a pungent, suffocating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. Easily liquefied under pressure.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • HClChlorane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Hydrochloric acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, {{Unbulleted list|Muriatic acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydronium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless to slightly yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02

Products:

  • NH4ClAmmonium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Sal ammoniac source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Salmiac source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Nushadir salt source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White solid, hygroscopic source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Odourless colourless-to-white hygroscopic solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Finely divided, odorless, white particulate dispersed in air. source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02