8 NH3 (g) + 3 Cl2 (g) 6 NH4Cl (s) + N2 (g)

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

6 Cl0 + 6 e- 6 Cl-I (reduction)

2 N-III - 6 e- 2 N0 (oxidation)

Cl2 is an oxidizing agent, NH3 is a reducing agent.

Reactants:

  • NH3
    • Names: Ammonia source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Azane (only intended for use in naming derivatives of ammonia) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen nitride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Colourless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless gas or compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless gas with a pungent, suffocating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. Easily liquefied under pressure.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • Cl2
    • Names: Chlorine source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Molecular chlorine source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Greenish-yellow compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Greenish-yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02

Products:

  • NH4ClAmmonium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Sal ammoniac source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Salmiac source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Nushadir salt source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White solid, hygroscopic source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Odourless colourless-to-white hygroscopic solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Finely divided, odorless, white particulate dispersed in air. source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • N2
    • Names: Dinitrogen source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, Nitrogen (compressed gas) source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Nitrogen (liquified) source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
    • Appearance: Odourless colourless compressed gas source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Odourless colourless extremely cold liquid source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04