Mg + H2SO4 H2 + MgSO4

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

2 HI + 2 e- 2 H0 (reduction)

Mg0 - 2 e- MgII (oxidation)

H2SO4 is an oxidizing agent, Mg is a reducing agent.

Reactants:

  • Mg
    • Names: Magnesium source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, Magnesium (powder) source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Magnesium (pellets) source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
    • Appearance: Grey powder source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Silvery-white metallic solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
  • H2SO4Sulfuric acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Oil of vitriol source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Sulfuric acid, concentrated (> 51% and < 100%) source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, H2SO4 source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07
    • Appearance: Clear, colorless liquid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Odourless colourless oily hygroscopic liquid source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless to dark-brown, oily, odorless liquid. [Note: Pure compound is a solid below 51°F. Often used in an aqueous solution.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02

Products:

  • H2
    • Names: Dihydrogen source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, Hydrogen source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, H2 source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07
    • Appearance: Odourless colourless compressed gas source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
  • MgSO4Magnesium sulfate source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
    • Other names: Epsom salt (heptahydrate) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, English salt source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Bitter salts source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Hygroscopic odourless white crystals or powder source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04