2 KMnO4 + 5 HNO2 + 3 H2SO4 2 MnSO4 + K2SO4 + 5 HNO3 + 3 H2O

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

2 MnVII + 10 e- 2 MnII (reduction)

5 NIII - 10 e- 5 NV (oxidation)

KMnO4 is an oxidizing agent, HNO2 is a reducing agent.

Reactants:

  • KMnO4Potassium manganate(VII) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Potassium permanganate source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Chameleon mineral source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Condy's crystals source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Purplish-bronze-gray needles | magenta–rose in solution source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Dark purple crystals source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
  • HNO2Nitrous acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Hydroxidooxidonitrogen source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: HNO2 source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, [NO(OH)] source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Nitrosyl hydroxide source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Dioxonitric acid source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Pale blue solution source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
  • H2SO4Sulfuric acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Oil of vitriol source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Sulfuric acid, concentrated (> 51% and < 100%) source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, H2SO4 source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07
    • Appearance: Clear, colorless liquid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Odourless colourless oily hygroscopic liquid source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless to dark-brown, oily, odorless liquid. [Note: Pure compound is a solid below 51°F. Often used in an aqueous solution.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02

Products:

  • MnSO4Manganese(II) sulfate source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: MnSO4 source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Manganese sulfate anhydrous source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Manganese sulphate source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White crystals (anhydrous) | pale pink solid (hydrates) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
  • K2SO4
    • Names: Potassium sulfate source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Potassium sulphate source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Dipotassium sulfate source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
    • Appearance: White solid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless-to-white crystals source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
  • HNO3Nitric acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Aqua fortis source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Spirit of niter source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Eau forte source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Colorless, yellow or red fuming liquid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless-to-yellow liquid with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless, yellow, or red, fuming liquid with an acrid, suffocating odor. [Note: Often used in an aqueous solution. Fuming nitric acid is concentrated nitric acid that contains dissolved nitrogen dioxide.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27