16 HBr (aq) + 2 KMnO4 (aq) 5 Br2 (aq) + 2 MnBr2 (aq) + 2 KBr (aq) + 8 H2O (l)

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

10 Br-I - 10 e- 10 Br0 (oxidation)

2 MnVII + 10 e- 2 MnII (reduction)

HBr is a reducing agent, KMnO4 is an oxidizing agent.

Reactants:

  • HBrHydrogen bromide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Bromane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Hydrobromic acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Hydronium bromide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, HBr source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colorless/faint yellow liquid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless gas with a sharp, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. Often used in an aqueous solution.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • KMnO4Potassium manganate(VII) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Potassium permanganate source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Chameleon mineral source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Condy's crystals source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Purplish-bronze-gray needles | magenta–rose in solution source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Dark purple crystals source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04

Products:

  • Br2
    • Names: Bromine source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Molecular bromine source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Fuming red-to-brown liquid with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Dark reddish-brown, fuming liquid with suffocating, irritating fumes. source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • MnBr2Manganese(II) bromide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Manganese bromide source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Pink crystalline source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
  • KBr
    • Names: Potassium bromide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, KBr source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Kaliumbromid source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White solid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27