H2SO4 + 8 HI 4 I2 + H2S + 4 H2O

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

SVI + 8 e- S-II (reduction)

8 I-I - 8 e- 8 I0 (oxidation)

H2SO4 is an oxidizing agent, HI is a reducing agent.

Reactants:

  • H2SO4Sulfuric acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Oil of vitriol source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Sulfuric acid, concentrated (> 51% and < 100%) source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, H2SO4 source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07
    • Appearance: Clear, colorless liquid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Odourless colourless oily hygroscopic liquid source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless to dark-brown, oily, odorless liquid. [Note: Pure compound is a solid below 51°F. Often used in an aqueous solution.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • HIIodane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Hydroiodic acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Hydrogen iodide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Hydronium iodide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Colorless liquid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04

Products:

  • I2
    • Names: Iodine source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Jod source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Iode source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
    • Appearance: Bluish black or dark purple crystals with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Violet solid with a sharp, characteristic odor. source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • H2SHydrogen sulfide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Dihydrogen monosulfide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Dihydrogen sulfide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Sewer gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with characteristic odour of rotten eggs source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless gas with a strong odor of rotten eggs. [Note: Sense of smell becomes rapidly fatigued & can NOT be relied upon to warn of the continuous presence of H2S. Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27