3 H2 (g) + N2 (g) 2 NH3 (g)

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

6 H0 - 6 e- 6 HI (oxidation)

2 N0 + 6 e- 2 N-III (reduction)

H2 is a reducing agent, N2 is an oxidizing agent.


  • H2
    • Names: Dihydrogen source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Hydrogen source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, H2 source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07
    • Appearance: Odourless colourless compressed gas source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
  • N2
    • Names: Dinitrogen source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Nitrogen (compressed gas) source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Nitrogen (liquified) source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
    • Appearance: Odourless colourless compressed gas source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Odourless colourless extremely cold liquid source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04


  • NH3
    • Names: Ammonia source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Azane (only intended for use in naming derivatives of ammonia) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen nitride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Colourless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless gas or compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless gas with a pungent, suffocating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. Easily liquefied under pressure.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02