6 FeSO4 (aq) + 2 HNO3 (aq) + 3 H2SO4 (aq) → 3 Fe2(SO4)3 (s) + 2 NO (g) + 4 H2O (l)
This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:
2 NV + 6 e- → 2 NII (reduction)
6 FeII - 6 e- → 6 FeIII (oxidation)
HNO3 is an oxidizing agent, FeSO4 is a reducing agent.
This is a precipitation reaction: Fe2(SO4)3 is the formed precipitate.
This is a gas evolution reaction, NO is the formed gas.
- FeSO4 – Iron(II) sulphate
- HNO3 – Nitric acid
- Other names: Aqua fortis , Spirit of niter , Eau forte
- Appearance: Colorless, yellow or red fuming liquid ; Colourless-to-yellow liquid with pungent odour ; Colorless, yellow, or red, fuming liquid with an acrid, suffocating odor. [Note: Often used in an aqueous solution. Fuming nitric acid is concentrated nitric acid that contains dissolved nitrogen dioxide.]
- H2SO4 – Sulfuric acid
- Fe2(SO4)3 – Iron(III) sulfate
- NO – Nitrogen monoxide , Oxidonitrogen(•) (additive)
- H2O – Water, oxidane