Fe (s) + 2 NaCl (aq) + 2 H2O (l) H2 (g) + FeCl2 (aq) + 2 NaOH (aq)

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

2 HI + 2 e- 2 H0 (reduction)

Fe0 - 2 e- FeII (oxidation)

H2O is an oxidizing agent, Fe is a reducing agent.

Reactants:

  • Fe
    • Names: Iron source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, Fe source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, Element 26 source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07
  • NaClSodium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Salt source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Table salt source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Common salt source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless cubic crystals source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27

Products:

  • H2
    • Names: Dihydrogen source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, Hydrogen source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, H2 source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07
    • Appearance: Odourless colourless compressed gas source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
  • FeCl2Iron(II) chloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Iron dichloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
    • Other names: Ferrous chloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Rokühnite source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, [FeCl3] source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, FeCl3 source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Tan solid (anhydrous) | Pale green solid (di-tetrahydrate) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; White-to-light-green hygroscopic crystals source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
  • NaOH
    • Names: Sodium hydroxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Caustic soda source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Lye source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White, waxy, opaque crystals source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; White hygroscopic solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless to white, odorless solid (flakes, beads, granular form). source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02