2 Fe + 3 Cl2 2 FeCl3

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

6 Cl0 + 6 e- 6 Cl-I (reduction)

2 Fe0 - 6 e- 2 FeIII (oxidation)

Cl2 is an oxidizing agent, Fe is a reducing agent.

Reactants:

  • Fe
    • Names: Iron source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, Fe source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, Element 26 source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07
  • Cl2
    • Names: Chlorine source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Molecular chlorine source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Greenish-yellow compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Greenish-yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02

Products:

  • FeCl3Iron(III) chloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Iron trichloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
    • Other names: Ferric chloride source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Ferric chloride (anhydrous) source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Iron(3+);trichloride source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Green-black by reflected light; purple-red by transmitted light; yellow solid as hexahydrate; brown as solution source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Black-to-brown hygroscopic crystals source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04