3 Cu (s) + 8 HNO3 (aq) 3 Cu(NO3)2 (aq) + 4 H2O (l) + 2 NO (g)

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

3 Cu0 - 6 e- 3 CuII (oxidation)

2 NV + 6 e- 2 NII (reduction)

Cu is a reducing agent, HNO3 is an oxidizing agent.

Reactants:

  • Cu
    • Names: Copper source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Copper (dusts and mists, as Cu) source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Cu source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07
    • Appearance: Solid in various forms. turns green on exposure to moist air source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Reddish, lustrous, malleable, odorless solid. source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • HNO3Nitric acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Aqua fortis source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Spirit of niter source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Eau forte source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Colorless, yellow or red fuming liquid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless-to-yellow liquid with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless, yellow, or red, fuming liquid with an acrid, suffocating odor. [Note: Often used in an aqueous solution. Fuming nitric acid is concentrated nitric acid that contains dissolved nitrogen dioxide.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02

Products:

  • Cu(NO3)2Copper(II) nitrate source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Cupric nitrate source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Nitrato de cobre (II) source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Нитрат меди (II) (безводный) source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Blue crystals | hygroscopic source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
  • NONitrogen monoxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Oxidonitrogen(•) (additive) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Nitric oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Nitrogen(II) oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Nitric oxide (radical) source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colourless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed gas source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless gas. [Note: Shipped as a nonliquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02