CaCO3 (s) + 2 HCl (aq) → CaCl2 (aq) + H2O (l) + CO2 (g)
This is an acid-base reaction (neutralization): CaCO3 is a base, HCl is an acid.
- CaCO3 – Calcium carbonate
- HCl – Chlorane , Hydrogen chloride
- Other names: Hydrochloric acid , Hydrochloric acid gas , HCl
- Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated ; Colorless gas ; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour ; Colorless to slightly yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.]
- CaCl2 – Calcium chloride
- H2O – Water, oxidane