6 C3H5OH + 4 Cr2O72- + 32 H+ 9 C2H4O2 + 8 (Cr)3+ + 16 H2O

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

18 C-4/3 - 24 e- 18 C0 (oxidation)

8 CrVI + 24 e- 8 CrIII (reduction)

C3H5OH is a reducing agent, Cr2O72- is an oxidizing agent.

Reactants:

  • C3H5OH
  • Cr2O72-
  • H+

Products:

  • C2H4O2Acetic acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Ethanoic acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Vinegar (when dilute); Hydrogen acetate; Methanecarboxylic acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Methanecarboxylic acid source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, CH3-COOH source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07
    • Appearance: Colourless liquid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless liquid with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless liquid or crystals with a sour, vinegar-like odor. [Note: Pure compound is a solid below 62°F. Often used in an aqueous solution.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • Cr3+
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27