3 Br2 (aq) + 6 KOH (aq) 5 KBr (aq) + KBrO3 (aq) + 3 H2O (l)

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

5 Br0 + 5 e- 5 Br-I (reduction)

Br0 - 5 e- BrV (oxidation)

Br2 is both an oxidizing and a reducing agent (disproportionation).

Reactants:

  • Br2
    • Names: Bromine source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Molecular bromine source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Fuming red-to-brown liquid with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Dark reddish-brown, fuming liquid with suffocating, irritating fumes. source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • KOHPotassium hydroxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Caustic potash source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Lye source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Potash lye source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White solid, deliquescent source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; White hygroscopic solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Odorless, white or slightly yellow lumps, rods, flakes, sticks, or pellets. [Note: May be used as an aqueous solution.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02

Products:

  • KBr
    • Names: Potassium bromide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, KBr source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Kaliumbromid source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White solid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
  • KBrO3Potassium bromate source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
    • Other names: Potassium bromate(V) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Bromic acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Potassium salt source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline powder source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; White crystals or powder source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27