2 AuCl3 (aq) + 3 H2O2 (aq) + 6 KOH (aq) 2 Au (s) + 3 O2 (g) + 6 KCl (aq) + 6 H2O (l)

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

2 AuIII + 6 e- 2 Au0 (reduction)

6 O-I - 6 e- 6 O0 (oxidation)

AuCl3 is an oxidizing agent, H2O2 is a reducing agent.

This is a precipitation reaction: Au is the formed precipitate.

This is a gas evolution reaction, O2 is the formed gas.

Reactants:

  • AuCl3Gold(III) trichloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Gold(III) chloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Auric chloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Gold trichloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Red crystals (anhydrous); golden, yellow crystals (monohydrate) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
  • H2O2Hydrogen peroxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Dioxidane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Oxidanyl source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Perhydroxic acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Very light blue color; colorless in solution source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless liquid source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless liquid with a slightly sharp odor. [Note: The pure compound is a crystalline solid below 12°F. Often used in an aqueous solution.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • KOHPotassium hydroxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Caustic potash source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Lye source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Potash lye source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White solid, deliquescent source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; White hygroscopic solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Odorless, white or slightly yellow lumps, rods, flakes, sticks, or pellets. [Note: May be used as an aqueous solution.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02

Products:

  • Au
    • Names: Gold source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, Au source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, Element 79 source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, Aurum source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07
  • O2
    • Names: Dioxygen source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, Oxygen source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, Oxygen (liquefied) source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
    • Appearance: Odourless compressed gas source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Liquefied gas. colourless-to-blue extremely cold liquid source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
  • KCl
    • Names: Potassium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Sylvite source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Muriate of potash source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless hygroscopic crystals source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27