4 Zn (s) + H3PO4 (aq) + 8 HCl (aq) PH3 (g) + 4 ZnCl2 (aq) + 4 H2O (l)

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

PV + 8 e- P-III (reduction)

4 Zn0 - 8 e- 4 ZnII (oxidation)

H3PO4 is an oxidizing agent, Zn is a reducing agent.

Reactants:

  • Zn
    • Names: Zinc source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Zinc powder (pyrophoric) source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Zn source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07
    • Appearance: Grey-to-blue powder source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
  • H3PO4
    • Names: Phosphoric acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Orthophosphoric acid source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Phosphoric(V) acid source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Hygroscopic colourless crystals source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Thick, colorless, odorless, crystalline solid. [Note: Often used in an aqueous solution.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • HClChlorane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Hydrochloric acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, {{Unbulleted list|Muriatic acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydronium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless to slightly yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02

Products:

  • PH3Phosphane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Phosphine source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Phosphamine source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Phosphorus trihydride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless gas with a fish- or garlic-like odor. [pesticide] [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. Pure compound is odorless.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • ZnCl2Zinc chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-28source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
    • Other names: Zinc(II) chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-28source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Zinc dichloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-28source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Butter of zinc source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-28source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid | hygroscopic and very deliquescent source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-28; White hygroscopic odourless solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; White particulate dispersed in air. source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27