P4 + 10 CuSO4 + 16 H2O 10 Cu + 10 H2SO4 + 4 H3PO4

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

4 P0 - 20 e- 4 PV (oxidation)

10 CuII + 20 e- 10 Cu0 (reduction)

P4 is a reducing agent, CuSO4 is an oxidizing agent.

Reactants:

  • P4
  • CuSO4Copper(II) sulfate source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Cupric sulphate source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Blue vitriol (pentahydrate) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Bluestone (pentahydrate) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Gray-white (anhydrous) | blue (pentahydrate) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; White hygroscopic crystals source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27

Products:

  • Cu
    • Names: Copper source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Copper (dusts and mists, as Cu) source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Cu source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07
    • Appearance: Solid in various forms. turns green on exposure to moist air source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Reddish, lustrous, malleable, odorless solid. source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • H2SO4Sulfuric acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Oil of vitriol source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Sulfuric acid, concentrated (> 51% and < 100%) source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, H2SO4 source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07
    • Appearance: Clear, colorless liquid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Odourless colourless oily hygroscopic liquid source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless to dark-brown, oily, odorless liquid. [Note: Pure compound is a solid below 51°F. Often used in an aqueous solution.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • H3PO4
    • Names: Phosphoric acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Orthophosphoric acid source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Phosphoric(V) acid source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Hygroscopic colourless crystals source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Thick, colorless, odorless, crystalline solid. [Note: Often used in an aqueous solution.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02