Na2CO3 (aq) + 2 HCl (aq) → 2 NaCl (aq) + CO2 (g) + H2O (l)
This is an acid-base reaction (neutralization): Na2CO3 is a base, HCl is an acid.
This is a gas evolution reaction, CO2 is the formed gas.
- Na2CO3 – Sodium carbonate
- HCl – Chlorane , Hydrogen chloride
- Other names: Hydrochloric acid , Hydrochloric acid gas , HCl
- Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated ; Colorless gas ; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour ; Colorless to slightly yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.]
- NaCl – Sodium chloride
- H2O – Water, oxidane