3 ICl3 + 6 H2O 2 HIO3 + HI + 9 HCl

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

IIII + 4 e- I-I (reduction)

2 IIII - 4 e- 2 IV (oxidation)

ICl3 is both an oxidizing and a reducing agent (disproportionation (dismutation)).

Reactants:

  • ICl3Iodine trichloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Yellow solid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27

Products:

  • HIO3
    • Names: Iodic acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Iodic(V) acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, [IO2(OH)] source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White solid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
  • HIIodane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Hydroiodic acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, Hydrogen iodide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Hydronium iodide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Colorless liquid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
  • HClChlorane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Hydrochloric acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, {{Unbulleted list|Muriatic acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydronium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless to slightly yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02