10 HNO3 (aq) + 4 I2 (s) 5 N2O (g) + 8 HIO3 (aq) + H2O (l)

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

8 I0 - 40 e- 8 IV (oxidation)

10 NV + 40 e- 10 NI (reduction)

I2 is a reducing agent, HNO3 is an oxidizing agent.

Reactants:

  • HNO3Nitric acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Aqua fortis source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Spirit of niter source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Eau forte source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Colorless, yellow or red fuming liquid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless-to-yellow liquid with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless, yellow, or red, fuming liquid with an acrid, suffocating odor. [Note: Often used in an aqueous solution. Fuming nitric acid is concentrated nitric acid that contains dissolved nitrogen dioxide.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • I2
    • Names: Iodine source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Jod source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Iode source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
    • Appearance: Bluish black or dark purple crystals with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Violet solid with a sharp, characteristic odor. source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02

Products:

  • N2ODinitrogen monoxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Nitrous oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Laughing gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Sweet air source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Colourless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with characteristic odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless gas with a slightly sweet odor. [inhalation anesthetic] [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • HIO3
    • Names: Iodic acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Iodic(V) acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, [IO2(OH)] source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White solid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27