2 HNO3 + 3 I2 + 2 H2O 6 HIO + 2 NO

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

6 I0 - 6 e- 6 II (oxidation)

2 NV + 6 e- 2 NII (reduction)

I2 is a reducing agent, HNO3 is an oxidizing agent.

Reactants:

  • HNO3Nitric acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Aqua fortis source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Spirit of niter source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Eau forte source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Colorless, yellow or red fuming liquid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless-to-yellow liquid with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless, yellow, or red, fuming liquid with an acrid, suffocating odor. [Note: Often used in an aqueous solution. Fuming nitric acid is concentrated nitric acid that contains dissolved nitrogen dioxide.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • I2
    • Names: Iodine source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Jod source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Iode source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
    • Appearance: Bluish black or dark purple crystals with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Violet solid with a sharp, characteristic odor. source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27

Products:

  • HIOHypoiodous acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: [IOH] source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, HOI source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • NONitrogen monoxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Oxidonitrogen(•) (additive) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Nitric oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Nitrogen(II) oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Nitric oxide (radical) source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colourless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed gas source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless gas. [Note: Shipped as a nonliquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02