5 Fe + 3 KMnO4 + 24 HCl 3 MnCl2 + 5 FeCl3 + 3 KCl + 12 H2O

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

3 MnVII + 15 e- 3 MnII (reduction)

5 Fe0 - 15 e- 5 FeIII (oxidation)

KMnO4 is an oxidizing agent, Fe is a reducing agent.

Reactants:

  • Fe
    • Names: Iron source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, Fe source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, Element 26 source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07
  • KMnO4Potassium manganate(VII) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Potassium permanganate source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Chameleon mineral source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Condy's crystals source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Purplish-bronze-gray needles | magenta–rose in solution source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Dark purple crystals source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
  • HClChlorane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen chloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Hydrochloric acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Hydrochloric acid gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, HCl source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless to slightly yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02

Products:

  • MnCl2Manganese(II) chloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Manganese dichloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Manganous chloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Manganous dichloride source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Manganese(II) chloride (1:2) source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Pink solid (tetrahydrate) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
  • FeCl3Iron(III) chloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Iron trichloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
    • Other names: Ferric chloride source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Ferric chloride (anhydrous) source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Iron(3+);trichloride source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Green-black by reflected light; purple-red by transmitted light; yellow solid as hexahydrate; brown as solution source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Black-to-brown hygroscopic crystals source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
  • KCl
    • Names: Potassium chloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Sylvite source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Muriate of potash source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless hygroscopic crystals source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27