2 Cl2 (g) + 2 H2O (l) O2 (g) + 4 HCl (aq)

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

4 Cl0 + 4 e- 4 Cl-I (reduction)

2 O-II - 4 e- 2 O0 (oxidation)

Cl2 is an oxidizing agent, H2O is a reducing agent.

Reactants:

  • Cl2
    • Names: Chlorine source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Molecular chlorine source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Greenish-yellow compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Greenish-yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27

Products:

  • O2
    • Names: Dioxygen source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, Oxygen source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07, Oxygen (liquefied) source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
    • Appearance: Odourless compressed gas source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Liquefied gas. colourless-to-blue extremely cold liquid source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04
  • HClChlorane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen chloride source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Hydrochloric acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Hydrochloric acid gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, HCl source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless to slightly yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02