C6H5NO2 + 3 Fe + 7 HCl C6H5NH3Cl + 3 FeCl2 + 2 H2O

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

6 C-I + 6 e- 6 C-II (reduction)

3 Fe0 - 6 e- 3 FeII (oxidation)

C6H5NO2 is an oxidizing agent, Fe is a reducing agent.

Reactants:

  • C6H5NO2
    • Names: Nitrobenzene source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Essence of mirbane source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Nitrobenzol source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Oil of mirbane source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Pale yellow oily liquid with characteristic odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Yellow, oily liquid with a pungent odor like paste shoe polish. [Note: A solid below 42°F.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
  • Fe
    • Names: Iron source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Fe source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07, Element 26 source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-07
  • HClChlorane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Hydrochloric acid source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02, Hydrochloric acid gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, HCl source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04; Colorless to slightly yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed: 2019-09-02

Products:

  • C6H5NH3Cl
  • FeCl2Iron(II) chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Iron dichloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
    • Other names: Ferrous chloride source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04, Rokühnite source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, [FeCl3] source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02, FeCl3 source: wikidata, accessed: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Tan solid (anhydrous) | Pale green solid (di-tetrahydrate) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27; White-to-light-green hygroscopic crystals source: ICSC, accessed: 2019-09-04
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed: 2019-09-27