3 C + 4 HNO3 + H2O 3 H2CO3 + 4 NO

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

3 C0 - 12 e- 3 CIV (oxidation)

4 NV + 12 e- 4 NII (reduction)

C is a reducing agent, HNO3 is an oxidizing agent.

Reactants:

  • C
    • Names: Carbon black source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Acetylene black source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Channel black source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Odourless black pellets or extremely fine powder source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Black, odorless solid. source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • HNO3Nitric acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Aqua fortis source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Spirit of niter source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Eau forte source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Colorless, yellow or red fuming liquid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless-to-yellow liquid with pungent odour source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless, yellow, or red, fuming liquid with an acrid, suffocating odor. [Note: Often used in an aqueous solution. Fuming nitric acid is concentrated nitric acid that contains dissolved nitrogen dioxide.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • H2OWater, oxidane source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Water (H2O) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Hydrogen oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27

Products:

  • H2CO3
    • Names: Performic acid source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • NONitrogen monoxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Oxidonitrogen(•) (additive) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Nitric oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Nitrogen(II) oxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Nitric oxide (radical) source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: Colourless gas source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Colourless compressed gas source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless gas. [Note: Shipped as a nonliquefied compressed gas.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02