2 Al + 6 NaOH + 3 Fe2(SO4)3 2 Na3AlO3 + 6 FeSO4 + 3 H2SO4

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

2 Al0 - 6 e- 2 AlIII (oxidation)

6 FeIII + 6 e- 6 FeII (reduction)

Al is a reducing agent, Fe2(SO4)3 is an oxidizing agent.

Reactants:

  • Al
    • Names: Aluminum source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Aluminium powder source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, Al source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07
    • Appearance: Silvery-white-to-grey powder source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Silvery-white, malleable, ductile, odorless metal. source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • NaOH
    • Names: Sodium hydroxide source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Caustic soda source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Lye source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Appearance: White, waxy, opaque crystals source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; White hygroscopic solid in various forms source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless to white, odorless solid (flakes, beads, granular form). source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
  • Fe2(SO4)3Iron(III) sulfate source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Ferric sulfate source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Sulfuric acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Iron(3+) salt (3:2) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: Grayish-white crystals source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27

Products:

  • Na3AlO3
  • FeSO4Iron(II) sulphate source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Other names: Iron(II) sulfate source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Ferrous sulfate source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27, Green vitriol source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
    • Appearance: White crystals (anhydrous) | White-yellow crystals (monohydrate) | Blue-green crystals (heptahydrate) source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27
  • H2SO4Sulfuric acid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02
    • Other names: Oil of vitriol source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02, Sulfuric acid, concentrated (> 51% and < 100%) source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04, H2SO4 source: wikidata, accessed on: 2019-09-07
    • Appearance: Clear, colorless liquid source: wikipedia, accessed on: 2019-09-27; Odourless colourless oily hygroscopic liquid source: ICSC, accessed on: 2019-09-04; Colorless to dark-brown, oily, odorless liquid. [Note: Pure compound is a solid below 51°F. Often used in an aqueous solution.] source: NIOSH NPG, accessed on: 2019-09-02